Born in Lawrence County, Indiana, on April 10, 1835, Samuel Crawford moved to Kansas in 1859. During the Civil War he attained the rank of Brevet Major General and won the gubernatorial election while on active duty. Toward the end of his second term in 1868, Crawford resigned to take command of the 19th Kansas Volunteers. Crawford's regiment was organized to help subdue Plains Indians resisting the expansion settlements on the state's western frontier. Crawford died in Topeka at age 78 on October 21, 1913.